Across the Mediterranean from Greece and Rome, people were developing their own ways and thinking ... Leading to the monotheistic cultures of Judaism then Christianity and then Islam ... Let's start with the first book of the Old Testament, Genesis (the first nine chapters).
Historical context. This map shows the various cultures around the Mediterranean Basin ca. 218 BCE.
Regional context for the Old Testament. This map of The Levant ca. 830 BCE shows the culture groups at the time of the Old Testament. Judaism rose here as the first large monotheistic tradition, while polytheism prevailed on the other side of the Mediterranean.
Click on the images below to go to the particular book
For Bill Cosby's take on the conversation between God and Noah ...